- LL. B. Degree with Distinction, 1973, National University of Iran Law School

- LL. M. Degree, 1977, Harvard University Law School, LL.M. Degree Paper: Certain Legal Problems of Foreign Investment in the Mining Industry of Iran (with Emphasis on Petroleum), supervised by Professor Hal S. Scott.

-Graduate studies, 1979-1981, George Washington University Law School, work on Determination of Reasonable Royalty for Technology Transfer to Developing Countries (with Emphasis on Downstream Petroleum Industry.